Please remember this guide is for the general care of cactus/succulents. Plants will grow healthier if you provide lots of warmth and bright light. There are some plants that may require different conditions. Take note of your plants and they will usually give signs of their condition; new growth, brighter colors, or wilting, discoloration.
|Growing Guide for Cactus and Succulents||
2-6 hours of
direct sunlight is what most plants need to keep them healthy. A
bright location is important, so even with just a couple of hours
of direct sunlight, there is enough natural light to keep them
growing. This means cactus and succulents can handle
some hours of direct sun, but
typically smaller plants may have trouble taking full afternoon
sun for several hours. Larger plants can take more direct
sun, not only because of their size, but because of their larger container. The larger
the container the larger the amount of accessible moisture.
Keep in mind, these plants in their native habitats have large
root systems that can take in moisture from several feet below
There are many types of cacti and succulents which are able to withstand less light or only morning sun and shade conditions.
You should never suddenly move plants from low to high levels of light, instead acclimate your plant to light gradually.
|Indoor Growing Guide||
Indoors, cactus and
succulents should be close to an east, west, or south facing
window. Typically these plants do not receive
enough natural light in a north facing window or several feet away from the light source. Cactus and succulents will not grow
from artificial indoor lights.
|Watering Guide for Cactus and Succulents|
High Sierra Nursery grows
our plants outdoors, and during the growing season, we water the
plants once a week. When
watering, soak the pot thoroughly so the soil and roots are well moistened. You should then let soil dry before re-watering.
Plants in small pots may require water more often during hot weather in order to prevent sun scorch and discoloration. Plants
grown in pots need more frequent watering than plants in the ground partly because the containers restrict the size of their root
system. During the winter months, keep soil dry and water only if your plant appears shriveled and in need of water. Cactus
can survive long amounts of time before watering, however they thrive when cared for more carefully.
Indoors, we typically recommend watering about once every two weeks.
To avoid over-watering, always use containers with a drainage holes.
|Repotting Guide for Cactus and Succulents|
succulents do best in a
soil that is porous and drains water quickly. When repotting your plant, be
sure to use some
variety of cactus soil. Typical potting mixes do not drain water fast enough for these plants, causing soil to become water-
logged and the roots to rot.
If you chose to mix you own
cactus soil, a basic mix consists of about fifty
percent potting soil and fifty percent perlite or
repot your plant any time of year as long as you can provide
adequate warmth and light. Winter months are the worst
|Fertilizing Guide for Cactus and Succulents|
purpose water-soluble fertilizer at approximately a 1/8
tablespoon per gallon or follow the instructions. A fertilizer
with balanced percentages of nitrogen, phosphorus, and potash (12-12-12) is recommended. You can fertilize your plants
regularly during warm weather or up to once every other watering. For granular type fertilizers, the slow release fertilizer is
recommended per manufacture�s instructions. Indoor plants can be fertilized occasionally, however it is not as critical for these
|Problems Effecting Cactus and Succulents|
Sunburned or bleached areas of the plant:
In some cases increasing the frequency of watering may help or moving the plant to a shadier location might prevent further
burning. Also repotting your plant with cactus soil whose moisture and nutrient holding capacity is better may give the plant
Lack of Growth:
Pale and weak growth indoors: